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Кувейт - Государство

Кувейт - Государство



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Название страны:
conventional long form: State of Kuwait
conventional short form: Kuwait
local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt
local short form: Al Kuwayt

Статус зависимости:


Государственное устройство, форма правления:
constitutional hereditary emirate

Административно-территориальное деление:
6 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi, Al 'Asimah, Al Farwaniyah, Al Jahra', Hawalli, Mubarak Al Kabir

Зависимые регионы:


Независимость:
19 June 1961 (from UK)

Национальные праздники:
National Day, 25 February (1950)

Конституция:
approved and promulgated 11 November 1962

Правовая система:
civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Избирательное право:
NA years of age; universal (adult); note - males in the military or police are not allowed to vote; adult females were allowed to vote as of 16 May 2005; all voters must have been citizens for 20 years

Исполнительная власть:
chief of state: Amir SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 29 January 2006); Crown Prince NAWAF al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah
head of government: Prime Minister NASIR al-Muhammad al-Ahmad al-Sabah (since 7 February 2006); First Deputy Prime Minister JABIR Mubarak al-Hamad al-Sabah (since 9 February 2006); Deputy Prime Ministers MUHAMMAD al-Sabah al-Salim al-Sabah (since 9 February 2006) and Ismail al-SHATTI (since 10 July 2006)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the amir; note - the cabinet, which was formed in July 2006, resigned on 4 March 2007; Prime Minister NASIR al-Muhammad al-Ahmad al-Sabah has been reappointed and will oversee the formation of a new cabinet; technically the current ministers compose a caretaker government.
elections: none; the amir is hereditary; the amir appoints the prime minister and deputy prime ministers

Законодательная власть:
unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms; all cabinet ministers are also ex officio voting members of the National Assembly)
elections: last held 29 June 2006 (next election to be held in 2010)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - NA

Судебная власть:
High Court of Appeal

Политические партии и их лидеры:
none; formation of political parties is in practice illegal, but is not forbidden by law

Политическое влияние групп и лидеров:
a number of political groups act as de facto parties; several legislative blocs operate in the National Assembly: tribal groups, merchants, Shi'a activists, Islamists, secular liberals and pro-geovernment deputies; in mid-2006, a coalition of Islamists, liberals, and Shia campaigned successfully for electoral reform to reduce corruption

Участие в международных организациях:
ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, BDEAC, CAEU, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITU, ITUC, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO



По материалам CIA World Fact Book   


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