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Ватикан - Государство

Ватикан - Государство



Флаг


Название страны:
conventional long form: The Holy See (State of the Vatican City)
conventional short form: Holy See (Vatican City)
local long form: Santa Sede (Stato della Citta del Vaticano)
local short form: Santa Sede (Citta del Vaticano)

Статус зависимости:


Государственное устройство, форма правления:
ecclesiastical

Административно-территориальное деление:
none

Зависимые регионы:


Независимость:
11 February 1929 (from Italy); note - the three treaties signed with Italy on 11 February 1929 acknowledged, among other things, the full sovereignty of the Vatican and established its territorial extent; however, the origin of the Papal States, which over the years have varied considerably in extent, may be traced back to the 8th century

Национальные праздники:
Coronation Day of Pope BENEDICT XVI, 24 April (2005)

Конституция:
new Fundamental Law promulgated by Pope JOHN PAUL II on 26 November 2000, effective 22 February 2001 (replaces the first Fundamental Law of 1929)

Правовая система:
based on Code of Canon Law and revisions to it

Избирательное право:
limited to cardinals less than 80 years old

Исполнительная власть:
chief of state: Pope BENEDICT XVI (since 19 April 2005)
head of government: Secretary of State Cardinal Tarcisio BERTONE (since 15 September 2006)
cabinet: Pontifical Commission appointed by the pope
elections: pope elected for life by the College of Cardinals; election last held 19 April 2005 (next to be held after the death of the current pope); secretary of state appointed by the pope
election results: Joseph RATZINGER elected Pope BENEDICT XVI

Законодательная власть:
unicameral Pontifical Commission

Судебная власть:
there are three tribunals responsible for civil and criminal matters within Vatican City; three other tribunals rule on issues pertaining to the Holy See
note: judicial duties were established by the Motu Proprio of Pope PIUS XII on 1 May 1946

Политические партии и их лидеры:
none

Политическое влияние групп и лидеров:
none (exclusive of influence exercised by church officers)

Участие в международных организациях:
CE (observer), IAEA, IOM (observer), ITU, ITUC, NAM (guest), OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, UN (observer), UNCTAD, UNHCR, UNWTO (observer), UPU, WIPO, WTO (observer)



По материалам CIA World Fact Book   


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